Project: Minimalist Red House
Architects: Rebelo de Andrade Architecture & Design
Location: Alcácer do Sal, Portugal
Area: 400 m2
Team: LuÍs Rebelo de Andrade, Joana Varajão, Filipe Ferreira
Structural Project: Tisem
Passive House Project: Universidade de Aveiro – decivil
Photovoltaic Project: Wayse
On-Site Coordination: João Júlio Loureiro
Photography: João Guimarães – JG Photography
Text: Valério Romão
Herdade da Considerada is a tract of arid land with 500 hectares, about seven kilometres from Alcácer do Sal, dotted with cork oaks and umbrella pines. The resulting landscape is uniform in every direction and, as the architect Luís Rebelo de Andrade found on a preliminary visit, it is easier to lose your car at Herdade da Considerada than in a supermarket car-park.
This experience led to a key idea that informed the entire project: in the absence of geodesic markers – which nature did not offer Herdade da Considerada – it is architecture that takes the place of the reference points that from time immemorial has guided man, complementing the landscape with a building that is overwhelmingly visible. This minimalist red house, as well as the adjacent farm building, were designed to minimise building times and costs and to privilege energy sustainability. The solar panels and thermal collectors produce more energy than the house consumes, for this house is averse to energy wastage.
With its gable roof, doors and windows, the exterior design of the house seems as childlike as the drawings children produce even before primary school. This apparent simplicity is actually based on the collective and romantic imagery we all share: the house on the prairie, the life of the pioneers and settlers of the American Far West, so often depicted in westerns and which live on in our constitutive memory, in spite of the time and of the intentional awareness we might have about them.